white (wedding) buck

Koziol bialy is a type of bagpipe, a representative folk instrument from Great Poland, particularly in Zbąszyń surroundings. The name of the instrument comes from the bag covered with white bristles - the skin of a goat and the head adorning the reject - simulating the real head of a goat.

white (wedding) buck

The whote (wedding) buck was once a hugely popular instrument, which is an important symbol of Polish culture, in particular in Great Poland. In folk band it is usually followed by violin and clarinet. White buck was played even at the court of the Danish King Christian IV.

The white buck has a nice timbre. It has a bourdon with a bell made of brass and horn cattle. It is an inflatable by a balloon - mechanical bellows, which was used by blacksmiths in the past, in a larger size, to make fire.

View the embedded image gallery online at:

white (wedding) buck-legend


The instruments recorded in the project come from museum of sound with more than 80 thousand object collections from the National Ethnographic Museum in Warsaw. Together with museum staff we have chosen 23 instruments guided by the following principles – they should be definitely folk, unusual, derived from the old times, Polish and coming from different cultural backgrounds, also exotic like e.g. Asian.

Recording a full range of tone of 23 instruments - tonal and sonic scale lasted several days. Thanks to the recordings - sound banks were created and have been used in the project in two ways. The first way was based on motion-sensitive controllers which created new practical instrumentarium for use during the workshops and animation activities. The second way was placing recorded sounds on the website for promotion of the idea of the project and gathering a great number of recipients.

All instruments were also photographed and described which enabled creating of publicly accessible compendium of information about them.